He also wrote Beyond Good and Evil (published in 1886), The Genealogy of Morals (1887) and Twilight of the Idols (1889). German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a "super-man.". Talking much about oneself may be a way of hiding oneself. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless. Less beneficially, certain aspects of Nietzsche's work were used by the Nazi Party of the 1930s – '40s as justification for its activities; this selective and misleading use of his work has somewhat darkened his reputation for later audiences. Mga kasarigan. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a pastor who died before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday. Friedrich's father's death, when he was four years old, was distressing, which he often referred to in his later writings. In these works of the 1880s, Nietzsche developed the central points of his philosophy. Après avoir renoncé à la carrière de pasteur, Friedrich Nietzsche étudie la philologie et s'intéresse à Arthur Schopenhauer. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became engrossed in philosophy, focusing particularly on the Greek philosophers Aristotle and Plato. After a stay in an asylum, Nietzsche was cared for by his mother in Naumburg and his sister in Weimar, Germany. He excelled academically and received an outstanding classical education there. He died in Weimar on August 25, 1900. Friedrich Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. Nietzsche obtained a leave to serve as a volunteer medical orderly in August 1870, after the outbreak of the Franco-German War. Biographie courte de Friedrich Nietzsche - Philosophe allemand, Friedrich Nietzsche est né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Prusse. Commenter Ecrire un article. Friedrich Nietzsche, in full Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (German: ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə), was born on 15 October 1844, in a small town called Röcken, located near Leipzig, in the Prussian Province of Saxony. Élevé dans une famille luthérienne, il grandit dans la ville de Naumburg où sa famille s'installe après la mort de son père. Claire Fercak 17/02/2013. Oktober 1844 im sächsischen Röcken bei Lützen geboren. Fils d'un pasteur, Nietzsche, après ses études, est appelé à la chaire de philologie classique de l'université de Bâle. Nietzsche a perdu sa nationalité, puisqu’en 1869, il devient apatride. It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what other men say in whole books—what other men do not say in whole books. Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school in Naumburg and then received a classical education at the prestigious Schulpforta school. Friedrich Nietzsche Biographie Biographie d'auteur Culture Écrivains. Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken (near Leipzig),where his father was a Lutheran minister. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Nietzsche est le philosophe de la volonté de puissance, conçue comme création et plénitude vitale, comme affirmation éperdue de la vie. Nietzsche's father was a Lutheran minister who died in 1849 from a brain disorder. Biographie : Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche est un philologue, philosophe, poète et musicien allemand. https://www.biography.com/scholar/friedrich-nietzsche. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment era of the late 18th century. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Young offers a smooth integration of … One of his most significant works, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, was published in four volumes between 1883 and 1885. Nietzsche peut être considéré comme un moraliste avant tout. The following year Nietzsche was promoted to ordinary professor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Decade of isolation and creativity (1879–89), https://www.britannica.com/biography/Friedrich-Nietzsche, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Friedrich Nietzsche and his philosophy of the Superman, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Nietzsche - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. Son père et son grand-père ont enseigné la théologie. It was undoubtedly “a work of profound imaginative insight, which left the scholarship of a generation toiling in the rear,” as the British classicist F.M. In 1858 he was admitted to Schulpforta, Germany’s leading Protestant boarding school. Early Life Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche—named for the reigning king of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV, whose birthday was also October 15—was born in a parsonage. He became the only student ever to publish in Ritschl’s journal, Rheinisches Museum (“Rhenish Museum”). Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography Simply put, this is an excellent biography of Nietzsche, and a model of what a philosophical biography should be. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumann, the German Romantic composer. During the years at Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career,culminating in May 1869 when he was called to a chair in classicalphilology at Basel. Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran pastor in … Nietzsche est brillant, très brillant, ce qui lui vaut d'être nommé en 1869, à 25 ans, alors qu'il n'a pas fini sa thèse, sur une simple recommandation de Ritsch (professeur de grec), professeur de philologie classique à l'Université de Bâle. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Baselin 1869 at the age of 24. Hi Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (natawo Oktubre 15, 1844 - namatay Agosto 25, 1900) amo an usa nga manunurat nga alemano ngan pilosopo. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. 3 vie» que Nietzsche a développée dans La Joute chez Homère, composée peu de temps après La Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. German mechanical engineer Karl Benz designed and built the first practical automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. The final 10 sections of the book are a rhapsody about the rebirth of tragedy from the spirit of Wagner’s music. Other works included Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, and Ecce Homo. Literary and Philosophical Work of the 1880s. His writings on individuality and morality in contemporary civilization influenced many major thinkers and writers of the 20th century. Friedrich Nietzsche was born on 15 October 1844, in a small town called Röcken, located near Leipzig in the Prussian Province of Saxony. Friedrich Nietzsche, 1887. Cornford wrote in 1912. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. At age 24, he was the youngest ever appointed tothat post. His father Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was a Lutheran pastor in Röcken. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Friedrich Nietzsche: A Biography - Kindle edition by Cate, Curtis. Both his grandfathers had been ordained into the Lutheran Church. His mother’s name was Franziska Nietzsche (née Oehler). Others were his endorsement of self-perfection through creative drive and a "will to power," and his concept of a "super-man" or "over-man" (Übermensch), an individual who strives to exist beyond conventional categories of good and evil, master and slave. Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. His best-known work is the 'Critique of Pure Reason.'. His father, a Lutheran pastor, died when Nietzsche was 5 years old. Nach dem Tod des Vaters zieht die Familie nach Naumburg um. Friedrich Nietzsche: biography -image - Arthur SchopenhauerFriedrich Nietzsche is a German philosopher, thinker, poet and even composer. Philosoph. Il leur lira en 1871 le manuscrit de La naissance de la tragédie. During his professorship, he published his first books, The Birth of Tragedy (1872) and Human, All Too Human (1878). If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! However, this was also a highly productive period for him as a thinker and writer. Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheria, which ruined his health permanently. Nagsurat hiya hin mga basahon nga naghihingyap makapaupay han kalibutan. 1844. During his time in Leipzig, he began a friendship with the composer Richard Wagner, whose music he greatly admired. In his brilliant but relatively brief career, Friedrich Nietzsche published numerous major works of philosophy, including Twilight of the Idols and Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Friedrich Nietzsche: A Biography. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. German midfielder Mesut Özil emerged as one of soccer's rising stars during the 2010 FIFA World Cup and his three years with Spanish club Real Madrid. Friedrich Nietzsche's Biography German philosopher and critic of culture, who influenced a number of the major writers and philosophers of the 20th century Germany and France. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (prononcé [nitʃ] ou [ni:tʃə]) est un philologue, philosophe et poète allemand né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Saxe, et mort le 25 août 1900 à Weimar, en Allemagne. Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher in the 17th century, was best known for his book 'Leviathan' (1651) and his political views on society. His father died in 1849, before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday, and he spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska, his younger sister, Elisabeth, his maternal grandmother, and two aunts. Après avoir renoncé à la carrière de pasteur, Friedrich Nietzsche étudie la … He also began to distance himself from classical scholarship, as well as the teachings of Schopenhauer, and to take more interest in the values underlying modern-day civilization. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche wurde als Sohn des Pfarrers Carl Ludwig Nietzsche und dessen Frau Franziska Nietzsche, geborene Oehler, am 15. Safranski, Nietzsche, Biographie d'une pensée, p.267-268). Nietzsche and his younger sister, Elisabeth, were raised by their mother, Franziska. Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche. His non-academic doctrine was widely spread not only in the scientific and philosophical community but also far beyond its limits. Friedrich Nietzsche is a native of Saxony and was born in the German province in the town of Röcken.He was born on 15th October in the year 1844 to a Lutheran pastor, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, who was also a former teacher. Quant à l’illusion des arrières-mondes, Nietzsche la traque sous toutes ses formes. 1850. He transferred to the University of Leipzig, where he studied philology, a combination of literature, linguistics and history. Updates? Nietzsche de 1844 à 1869 Young has managed to produce a work of the highest caliber on the slippery terrain of Nietzsche's thought. Having requested and received a sick leave, Nietzsche in 1877 set up house with his sister and his friend Peter Gast (Johann Heinrich Köselitz), and in 1878 his aphoristic Menschliches, Allzumenschliches (Human, All-Too-Human) appeared. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a … During their conversation, Broad mentioned someone by the name of Salter. Nietzsche is regarded as a major influence on 20th-century philosophy, theology and art. German Romantic composer, pianist and conductor Felix Mendelssohn wrote the Overture to a 'Midsummer Night's Dream' and founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music. His ideas on individuality, morality and the meaning of existence contributed to the thinking of philosophers Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault; Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, two of the founding figures of psychiatry; and writers such as Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, Thomas Mann and Hermann Hesse. Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883–85) was the first thorough statement of Friedrich Nietzsche’s mature philosophy and the masterpiece of his career. Nietzsche was a star pupil of philology, and his professor recommended him for a university appointment at the University of Basel in 1869. In 1869 the University of Leipzig conferred the doctorate without examination or dissertation on the strength of his published writings, and the University of Basel appointed him extraordinary professor of classical philology. Suffering from a nervous disorder, he resigned from his post at Basel in 1879. Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900. En 1870, il s'engage comme volontaire dans le conflit franco-allemand. For much of the following decade, Nietzsche lived in seclusion, moving from Switzerland to France to Italy when he was not staying at his mother's house in Naumburg. In 1850 the family moved to Naumburg on the Saale River, where Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school, the Domgymnasium. Because his health deteriorated steadily, he resigned his professorial chair on June 14, 1879, and was granted a pension of 3,000 Swiss francs per year for six years. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In the last decade of his life, he suffered from insanity and died on August 25, 1900. ... Lou Salomé, Paul Ree et Friedrich Nietzsche en 1882. Overview (4) Mini Bio (1) Friedrich Nietzsche was raised having five women around him - his mother, grandmother, two aunts and a sister, all living together. Nietzsche began to incorporate philosophy into his lectures at the university after he encountered the works of Arthur Schopenhauer. He thought through the consequences of the triumph of the Enlightenment’s secularism, expressed in his observation that “God is dead,” in a way that determined the agenda for many of Europe’s most-celebrated intellectuals after his death. Having graduated in 1864, he went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran preacher; he died when Nietzsche was 4 years old. After graduating in 1864, he attended the University of Bonn for two semesters. Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Oktober: Friedrich Nietzsche wird in Röcken (Preußische Provinz Sachsen) als Sohn eines pietistischen Pfarrers geboren. Friedrich spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska; his younger sister, Elisabeth; his maternal grandmother; and two aunts. One of these was his famous statement that "God is dead," a rejection of Christianity as a meaningful force in contemporary life.